Technological approach for inclusive education in mexican institutions. The NAO robot as a tool to teach about sexual and gender diversities.
López Orozco, Christian Fernando
MetadataShow full item record
The understanding of diversity in cultures, race, beliefs, etc., is incredibly important for the right development of people and the acknowledgment of their rights. Such differences make every society unique but can also represent a challenge whenever the understanding of differences is lacking or non-existent. Educational institutions, with their role as the mentors of people within our societies, play a vital role in achieving the understanding of diversity beyond academic or professional preparation. Different skin colors, gender differences, ethnic diversity, sexual orientation, among others, are aspects of diversity found throughout school classrooms every day that are constantly increasing thanks to the globalized world in which we live. The teaching of sexual and gender diversities within educational institutions is necessary to bring visibility to the members of the LGBTQ+ community and to provide them safe spaces to not only learn but exist. However, teaching methods may continue to be rooted in traditional and patriarchal beliefs thus preventing the inclusion of issues that directly affect this community. Contrary to advances in education on diversity, technology has been increasingly involved in the educational sector, either with the use of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) or in more recent technological matters with the arrival of education 4.0. Albeit the involvement of technological tools during educational processes, in Mexico has mostly come in the form of search engines and ways to access information, mostly due to the limited resources that each educational institution can provide to its students (internet access, computers, projectors, etc.). This project introduces a methodology that uses the NAO robot as a technological approach that aids the instructor in addressing sexual and gender diversities in education. Six evaluation tools were designed/readapted and implemented at an initial stage, showing a positive impact in the qualitative results. However, further study is suggested to validate its viability by reaching a higher number of students, collecting more data, and running statistical analyses.