Being an Entrepreneur Post-COVID-19- Resilience in Times of Crisis: a Systematic Literature Review
Portuguez Castro, May
Gómez Zermeño, Marcela Georgina
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Purpose- The COVID-19 pandemic has had an uncertain impact on the global economy, especially for entrepreneurs and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that have suffered significant consequences. However, resilience has emerged as an entrepreneurial skill that allows companies to adapt and grow stronger in the face of challenges. Therefore, we conducted a literature review to identify the factors that comprise resilience to strengthen training programs for necessary entrepreneurial skills. We hope this study leads to future empirical studies that will provide more understanding and equip professionals with the skills to adapt to crises. Design/methodology/approach- A systematic literature review was performed, analyzing studies related to entrepreneurship, resilience, and crises. Thirty empirical studies were analyzed to determine the facts of the crises, the methodologies used, and the actions taken to address them. Findings- The review identified resilience factors such as attitudes adopted towards the crisis, the characteristics of the business and the entrepreneur, the relationships with institutions, human and social capital, and strategic management. These factors can be considered in training programs for resilient entrepreneurs and by the different actors in the entrepreneurial ecosystem, including the universities and public policymakers, who support them. Originality- This study provides a literature review that focuses on identifying the resilience factors of entrepreneurs who confronted past crises to know how to apply these in actions to overcome the current situation and contribute to post-COVID-19 entrepreneurship. We hope that the findings motivate others to conduct further empirical studies on entrepreneurship and resilience in times of crisis, especially in developing countries and emerging economies.
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