Characterization of the skin secretions of Dryophytes arenicolor and identification of Arenin, a novel Kunitz-like polypeptide
Hernández Pérez, Jesús
MetadataShow full item record
Zootherapy is the treatment of human ailments with remedies made from animals and their products. Despite its prevalence in the traditional medical practices worldwide, research on this phenomenon has often been neglected in comparison to medicinal plant research. Amphibian skin secretions are enriched with complex cocktails of bioactive molecules such as proteins, peptides, biogenic amines, alkaloids, guanidine derivatives, steroids and other minor components spanning a wide spectrum of pharmacological actions exploited for centuries in folk medicine. This study presents evidence on the protein profile of the skin secretions of the canyon tree frog, Dryophytes arenicolor, an anuran from the Hylidae family, previously described as an ingredient used in Mexican Traditional Medicine practices. At the same time, it presents the reverse-phase liquid chromatography isolation, mass spectrometry characterization, identification at mRNA level and 3D modelling of a novel 58 amino acids Kunitz-like polypeptide from the skin secretions of D. arenicolor, arenin. To evaluate the bioactivity potential of arenin, cell viability assays were performed on HDFa, Caco-2 and MCF7 cells cultured with different concentrations of arenin. At 2 µg/mL of arenin, HDFa and Caco-2 cells showed a viability of 52.1%±2.86 and 108.8%±4.86, respectively. A viability shift was observed at 4 µg/mL of arenin, since HDFa and Caco-2 cells showed a viability of 100.74%±2.60 and 62.77%±1.69. This viability alternance continued being observed at 8 and 16 µg/mL of arenin, suggesting a multi-target interaction in an hormetic-like fashion. This work demonstrates the lack of typical 12-50 amino acid long peptides in the skin secretions of D. arenicolor and proposes that arenin, one of its major constituents, plays a key role in its defense against predators. The hormetic response produced by arenin in cell proliferation assays requires further transcriptomic, metabolomic and proteomic research to unveil the mechanisms underlying the variable effect on cell viability observed at different concentrations of arenin.
The following license files are associated with this item: